Relationships and housing ( 8.28.0. )
1. Most purchases, or leases of property in Jersey are subject to conditions set down in the Control Of Housing and Work (Residential and Employment Status) (Jersey) Regulations. The Regulations require the consent of the Housing Minister as to who may purchase, lease, and occupy property subject to the person's length of residence, occupation, or certain other qualifications. These Regulations sometimes have an effect on the housing situation of couples planning to live together, or to separate. This item gives general guidance on what the Regulations require, but more detailed information can be obtained from the Population Office, at Jubilee Wharf, telephone 448905
Types of Tenancy
2. Lodgers are generally people who do not have Entitled or Licenced Status, and therefore their status are Registered or Registered to Work . Lodgers can lease "registered" property for their own occupation. The Residential Tenancy Law only applies to self contained accommodation including bedsits and studio flats. See http://www.gov.je/Home/RentingBuying/HousingLaws/Pages/TenantRights.aspx
Lodgers in private houses and sharing facilities do not not have the same rights. The accommodation they occupy must be serviced, and the landlord must hold a key to the accommodation. There is no security of tenure, and couples living in this type of accommodation together may find space at a premium and lack privacy.
3. Joint tenancy. Both parties to a joint tenancy have a right to occupy the home as long as both have Entitled Status, however both are liable for the whole of the rent if one person leaves or doesn't pay. If either of the couple wanted to get the other out, they cannot. Both have equal rights, and any change must be made by agreement between the couple and landlord. Only if one party was violent to the other might there be grounds for an injunction to remove the violent party, or in the case of a married couple, grounds such as adultery, cruelty or desertion can require the offending spouse to leave under the Separation and Maintenance Order Law.
4. Sole tenants. In this case only one partner has a right to occupy the home, and the other partner occupies the accommodation with the permission of the tenant. This situation often occurs when only one partner in a couple has Entitled Status or when one partner occupied the accommodation before the relationship became co-habiting. It is possible for the tenant to evict her/his partner at any time without an eviction order, however if there were children involved this might not be straight-forward.
5. Problems can arise if the tenant wishes the other partner to leave and s/he doesn't want to go, if the tenant leaves the home, or the tenant dies.
6. Sometimes a landlord may be willing to transfer the tenancy to the remaining partner, but if s/he has no Entitled Status this will not be possible, and the person would have to leave straight away.
Housing and co-habitation
Private rental accommodation - Entitled
7. Either partner or both partners, should have Entitled Status to rent a qualified private flat or house, but the tenancy must be in the name(s) of the Entitled partner(s). This may result in a sole tenancy (see para 4 ). See also 8.28.10 Ending a cohabitation para 5 -10.
Private rental accommodation - Registered or Lodgings
8. If neither partner has Entitled Status, the couple will only be able to occupy "registered" accommodation or lodgings. Such accommodation can be occupied in single or joint names.
Registered persons occupying private lodgings with shared facilities do not have security of tenure and may be asked to vacate the property at any time.
States rental accommodation
9. It is unusual for the Housing Department to offer rental accommodation to couples unless they have children, are disabled or are pensioners. The Department do not discriminate against unmarried couples with a child or children, but will require the mother of the children to be the tenant as long as she has Entitled Status. An unmarried couple with a child or children where only the father has Entitled Status would not normally be housed, as only the father could be the tenant, and in the event of a separation, there would be the unacceptable situation of a single man with a States tenancy. The mother could not continue to be housed by the States. If neither partner has Entitled Status, then the couple would not be given States Housing.
10. An existing States Housing tenant may only move a partner in to live with her/him after seeking and being granted permission. After the partner has moved in, the tenant could apply to the Housing Department for the sole tenancy to become a joint tenancy if both parties have Entitled Status. This would be permitted at the discretion of the Housing Minister.
Owner occupied accommodation
11. If a person wishes to move into her/his partner's home and they both agree that ownership of the property should be shared, then the person and her/his partner must seek legal advice about changing the legal title of the property to joint ownership or ownership in common.
12. However, in Jersey, it is not possible for an unmarried couple to own property jointly unless they both have Entitled Status. Owning a property jointly gives equal rights and some security to both owners, and equal responsibility. But it is possible for the sale of the property to be forced by an owner in common even if the other disagrees. See 11.1.54 Joint ownership of property.
Couples sometimes purchase property in the name of one Entitled partner only, planning to transfer the property into joint names upon marriage. Such couples should be warned that they will have to pay stamp duty on the transactions twice, once upon initial purchase, and again on the transfer into joint names although this will be at a fee £5 per page (minimum of £10) and not calculated on the property value. See 11.1.50 Stamp Duty
Share transfer property
13. As properties bought by share transfer do not come under the control of the Housing Department it is possible for unmarried couples, where one partner does not possess Entitled Status, to purchase property together in this way, however they should take legal advice, as only the Entitled partner would have received Housing consent to occupy the property. The Registered or Registered to Work partner has to occupy the accommodation as 'lodger' of her/his partner, and if there should be a separation or death of the partner with Entitled Status, the Registered or Registered to Work partner could not stay in the property without consent from the Housing Department. A legal agreement could be made to cover such an eventuality providing for the Registered or Registered to Work partner to recover their costs incurred in the purchase of the shares.
14. The Licenced resident can buy or lease any property in their own name provided they keep their Licenced Status. The spouse of a Licenced person can enter into the purchase of qualified property. The Minister for Hosing may apply special conditions to Licenced status therefore in the event of a separation the spouse of the Licenced person may not be able to stay in the property and equally may not be able to lease or buy qualified property until she / he obtains Entitled Status in own name.
Housing and marriage - The Matrimonial home
There are no statutory provisions in Jersey, to give couples rights and responsibilities to the Matrimonial Home as in the UK.
Private rental accommodation - qualified
15. A married couple where only one partner has housing qualifications will not be able to obtain a joint tenancy on private rental accommodation which requires qualifications. The unqualified partner becomes the lodger of the partner who is the tenant. The exception to this is where the couple wish to take on a 'contract lease' ie nine years or more, when a unqualified spouse may join in the transaction.
Private rental accommodation - unqualified
16. A married couple may only live in lodgings or serviced accommodation where neither has housing qualifications. It may also be possible to share a property with a person or persons who has/have qualifications thus becoming lodgers. There is no security of tenure with this type of accommodation, which is also usually unsuitable for children.
Owner occupied accommodation
17. The rights of each partner to the marital home depend on whether or not it is jointly owned, and to some extent, whether there are children of the marriage.
18. In terms of housing status, it does not matter whether a couple choose to purchase property in joint or sole names, as the spouse of a person with Entitled Status is permitted to join in the purchase and occupy the property, even though s/he may not have their own Entitled Status. A Registered or Registered to Work married person gains Entitled Status after living ten years in Jersey with her/his spouse, either in rented or purchased property.
19. There is no para 19
20. Sole ownership means that only one partner's name appears on the title to the property and s/he is solely responsible for that property. It has the following implications:-
21. A couple who jointly own their property have the following rights or responsibilities:
See also 11.1.54 Joint ownership of property
22. A married couple where either, or both partners have Entitled Status may apply to the Housing Department to be allocated a States flat or house, but the Department only has a responsibility to house persons over pension age, the disabled, or couples with a child or children. In addition applicants are means-tested and therefore those persons with incomes above a certain level will be ineligible for assistance.
23. Married couples are normally given a joint tenancy, and there is equal responsibility on both partners to pay the rent due.
24. Sometimes the Housing Department will prefer the wife to be the tenant if the husband has no Entitled Status. This gives her more security if the husband leaves or tries to get her to leave.
25. See paragraph 14
Share Transfer Property
27. A spouse who has Entitled Status is the only person entitled to live in the property as he/she will have received Housing consent to occupy. In the event of separation or death the Registered or Registered to Work spouse would need to apply for Housing consent to remain in the property.